Venturi Oxygenation Systems
Venturi Oxygenators are an essential piece of equipment for all recirculating hydroponic systems.
The Venturi is a “T” shaped device which has an air inlet on the “T” branch.
The Venturi should be installed about 300mm below the surface of the tank solution on the bypass of a pump.
The pump bypass sends a proportion of pressurised nutrient solution back into the tank as it is fed out to the crop.
A 20mm pipe is attached to the Air inlet on the Venturi and this pipe is plumbed to clean air well away from the surface of the tank. The air inlet is usually installed in a shady, sheltered position under the overhang on the pump room roof so that only clean, fresh air can be sucked into it.
As a pressurised solution is passed through the Venturi it creates a suction action which injects air into the passing flow.
Waste Gas Removal
Plants emit their waste material as a gas from the root system. This waste gas is heavier than air.
In recirculating NFT systems the waste gas will gradually make its way back to the mixing tank in the pump room as part of the gravity fed return solution.
When the Venturi injector is in operation it emits a vast quantity of bubbles beneath the surface of the mixing tank solution.
These fresh oxygen bubbles rise to the surface and force any stale waste gas towards the top of the mixing tank where it can be removed with an extraction fan mounted on the tank roof, or by or a natural breeze blowing through vents in the roof of the tank. The roofs of tanks should always be well ventilated for this purpose.
The removal of the waste gas allows the gravity fed return solution to cascade through clean air as it falls onto the surface of the tank solution.
The combined process of a nutrient solution cascading through clean air and the injection of fresh air bubbles beneath it, greatly increases the dissolved oxygen content of the nutrient solution.
The Venturi also assists in mixing any nutrient stock solutions as they are added to the tank.
The suction side of the Venturi can also be connected to an ozone generator and the suction action will remove any ozone from within the generator and inject it into the passing flow.
The Venturi is supplied with 40mm Inlets and Outlets and a 20mm Air Inlet Branch.
It should be a mandatory part of every pump room system.
Please talk to Pure Hydroponics for pricing and shipping.